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Running Cassandra 0.5.0 on Mac OS X Leopard 10.5.8

This is a short post showing you how to install the superdooper Key-Value Store Cassandra version 0.5.0 on a Macbook running OS X Leopard 10.5.8 (yeah I know, I should upgrade to Snow Leopard sometime). Cassandra 0.5 promises to be peppier than the 0.4 version and at this point it hasn’t been released yet, but I’m impatient, so I’m setting up a ‘one-node cluster’ for fun.

Cassandra 0.5.0 was released on 25 Jan 2010.

You will need to ensure that you are running Java 1.6. Since Java 1.5 is the default on Mac OS X, you need to set up a couple of environment variables. I just put the following into my .bash_profile file using vim.

export JAVA_HOME=/System/Library/Frameworks/JavaVM.framework/Versions/1.6/Home
export PATH=$JAVA_HOME/bin:$PATH

Now source the file (if you haven’t already done that) and examine your set-up.

Trinity:~ kelvin$ source .bash_profile
Trinity:~ kelvin$ env | grep JAVA_HOME
Trinity:~ kelvin$ java -version
java version "1.6.0_17"
Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.6.0_17-b04-248-9M3125)
Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM (build 14.3-b01-101, mixed mode)
Trinity:~ kelvin$ xcodebuild -version
Xcode 3.1.2
Component versions: DevToolsCore-1148.0; DevToolsSupport-1102.0
BuildVersion: 9M2621

Yeah, my xcode is a bit old too. So, once that is done, download Cassandra. I am going to use the tag in the Subversion repository for the 0.5.0 release.

Trinity:code kelvin$ svn co https://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/incubator/cassandra/tags/cassandra-0.5.0/ cassandra-0.5.0

...svn key gibberish redacted...

A    cassandra-0.5.0/NOTICE.txt
...checkout redacted...
A    cassandra-0.5.0/build.xml
 U   cassandra-0.5.0
Checked out revision 902040.
Trinity:code kelvin$ cd cassandra-0.5.0
Trinity:cassandra-0.5.0 kelvin$ pwd
Trinity:cassandra-0.5.0 kelvin$

Cassandra expects some folders to be available, so we will need to set them up (per the instructions in the README file). First of all, check the file conf/storage-conf.xml and make sure that these folders exist before you do anything else.


If they do not exist, you will have to make them (careful with the whoami command in backticks):

Trinity:cassandra-0.5.0 kelvin$ sudo mkdir -p /var/log/cassandra
Trinity:cassandra-0.5.0 kelvin$ sudo chown -R `whoami` /var/log/cassandra
Trinity:cassandra-0.5.0 kelvin$ sudo mkdir -p /var/lib/cassandra
Trinity:cassandra-0.5.0 kelvin$ sudo chown -R `whoami` /var/lib/cassandra

For logging, Cassandra expects that a system.log file is available. Check the conf/log4j.properties file to check where it expects a log file. It should be similar to this:


When you start Cassandra for the first time it will start the log file.

I used ‘ant‘ to build Cassandra. Make sure that you are in the root of the Cassandra directory. I have a lot of crap in my Java classpath, so I will temporarily exclude it.

Trinity:cassandra-0.5.0 kelvin$ ant -noclasspath
Buildfile: build.xml


    [mkdir] Created dir: /Users/kelvin/code/cassandra-0.5.0/build/classes
    [mkdir] Created dir: /Users/kelvin/code/cassandra-0.5.0/build/test/classes
    [mkdir] Created dir: /Users/kelvin/code/cassandra-0.5.0/src/gen-java


     [echo] Building Grammar /Users/kelvin/code/cassandra-0.5.0/src/java/org/apache/cassandra/cli/Cli.g  ....

     [echo] apache-cassandra-incubating: /Users/kelvin/code/cassandra-0.5.0/build.xml
    [javac] Compiling 247 source files to /Users/kelvin/code/cassandra-0.5.0/build/classes
    [javac] Note: Some input files use or override a deprecated API.
    [javac] Note: Recompile with -Xlint:deprecation for details.
    [javac] Note: Some input files use unchecked or unsafe operations.
    [javac] Note: Recompile with -Xlint:unchecked for details.


Total time: 13 seconds
Trinity:cassandra-0.5.0 kelvin$

Now the moment of truth!

Trinity:cassandra-0.5.0 kelvin$ bin/cassandra -f
Listening for transport dt_socket at address: 8888
INFO - Saved Token not found. Using 25907362644306974147256376871662350143
INFO - Starting up server gossip
INFO - Cassandra starting up...

Okay, Cassandra is now waiting for us to do something, so we can open up another Terminal window (Cmd+N) and try the test described in the README file:

Trinity:cassandra-0.5.0 kelvin$ bin/cassandra-cli --host localhost --port 9160
Connected to localhost/9160
Welcome to cassandra CLI.

Type 'help' or '?' for help. Type 'quit' or 'exit' to quit.
cassandra> set Keyspace1.Standard1['jsmith']['first'] = 'John'
Value inserted.
cassandra> set Keyspace1.Standard1['jsmith']['last'] = 'Smith'
Value inserted.
cassandra> set Keyspace1.Standard1['jsmith']['age'] = '42'
Value inserted.
cassandra> get Keyspace1.Standard1['jsmith']
=> (column=last, value=Smith, timestamp=1264159272089)
=> (column=first, value=John, timestamp=1264159260000)
=> (column=age, value=42, timestamp=1264159282593)
Returned 3 results.

Okay, we now have stored and retrieved some data. In the next installment I’ll try to get Thrift running!

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Installing Google Go on Mac OS X Leopard

Google released a new programming language named GO that offers the benefits of a dynamic language like Python with the speed of a compiled language like C/C++. In this walkthrough, I’m going to be installing the Google Go programming language on my Mac.

To get started, make sure that you have Python and Mercurial installed on your Intel Mac (PowerPC is not supported at this point). Also make sure that you have XCode installed and that you are attached to the Internet (the test suite will need Internet access to run a few tests).

Trinity:~ kelvin$ python -V
Python 2.5.2
Trinity:~ kelvin$ hg version
Mercurial Distributed SCM (version 1.0.1)

Copyright (C) 2005-2008 Matt Mackall <mpm@selenic.com> and others
This is free software; see the source for copying conditions. There is NO
Trinity:~ kelvin$ xcodebuild -version
Xcode 3.1.2
Component versions: DevToolsCore-1148.0; DevToolsSupport-1102.0
BuildVersion: 9M2621
Trinity:~ kelvin$ uname -p
Trinity:~ kelvin$

Okay, now we’re going to make some environment variables that Go will use to compile your code. In my home directory, I put the following variables into the ‘.bash_profile’ file:

# Google Go Lang Vars
export GOROOT=$HOME/go
export GOOS=darwin
export GOARCH=386
export GOBIN=$HOME/bin

Now we make sure that the environment has the variables we just set up:

Trinity:~ kelvin$ source .bash_profile
Trinity:~ kelvin$ env | grep ^GO
Trinity:~ kelvin$

Make sure that your ‘~/go’ directory doesn’t exist since the next command will make it into a Mercurial repository. We will be creating the ‘~/bin’ directory after we create the repository.

Trinity:~ kelvin$ hg clone -r release https://go.googlecode.com/hg/ $GOROOT
requesting all changes
adding changesets
adding manifests
adding file changes
added 3976 changesets with 16799 changes to 2931 files
updating working directory
1640 files updated, 0 files merged, 0 files removed, 0 files unresolved
Trinity:~ kelvin$ cd $GOROOT
Trinity:go kelvin$ ls
AUTHORS LICENSE doc include misc src
CONTRIBUTORS README favicon.ico lib pkg test
Trinity:go kelvin$ cd src/
Trinity:src kelvin$

Okay, so far we have set-up the environment and the respository. Now would be a good time to ensure the ‘~/bin’ folder actually exists. In many cases, it is already there. If it isn’t there, you need to create it and mark it executable (Hint: Try ‘mkdir ~/bin’ then ‘chmod 755 ~/bin’).

Trinity:src kelvin$ test -e ~/bin && echo 'bin exists'
bin exists
Trinity:src kelvin$

Okay, now we’re ready to build Go.

Trinity:src kelvin$ ./all.bash
rm -f *.o *.6 6.out lib9.a
rm -f bbuffered.o bfildes.o bflush.o bgetc.o bgetrune.o bgetd.o binit.o boffset.o bprint.o bputc.o bputrune.o brdline.o brdstr.o bread.o bseek.o bwrite.o *.6 6.out libbio.a
rm -f *.o *.so
.... holy crap there is a lot of output here...
./mkasmh.sh >386/asm.h.x
mv -f 386/asm.h.x 386/asm.h
8a 386/asm.s
8c -Idarwin -Idarwin/386 -wF cgocall.c
8c -Idarwin -Idarwin/386 -wF chan.c
8c -Idarwin -Idarwin/386 -wF 386/closure.c
8c -Idarwin -Idarwin/386 -wF float.c
8c -Idarwin -Idarwin/386 -wF hashmap.c
8c -Idarwin -Idarwin/386 -wF iface.c
quietgcc -o cgo2c cgo2c.c
./cgo2c malloc.cgo > malloc.c.tmp
mv -f malloc.c.tmp malloc.c
...Two peanuts were walking down the street. One was a salted...
8g -I_obj main.go
8l -L_obj -o ogle main.8

real 0m0.996s
user 0m0.831s
sys 0m0.148s

--- cd ../doc/progs

real 0m2.229s
user 0m1.714s
sys 0m0.431s

--- cd ../test/bench

--- cd ../test
0 known bugs; 0 unexpected bugs
Trinity:src kelvin$

Okay, so hopefully you now have a working copy of the Go programming language. You can try to find the executables on your system. Your compiler is ‘8g’ if for the i386 architecture.

Trinity:~ kelvin$ which 8g
Trinity:~ kelvin$ which 8l
Trinity:~ kelvin$ 8g
-I DIR search for packages in DIR
-d print declarations
-e no limit on number of errors printed
-f print stack frame structure
-h panic on an error
-k name specify package name
-o file specify output file
-S print the assembly language
-w print the parse tree after typing
-x print lex tokens
Trinity:~ kelvin$

Notice that ‘gccgo’ is not installed by default; if you want to try that out you need to install it separately. Try working through the examples!

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